The Effects Of Crack ##VERIFIED## Cocaine On Teeth
Dental issues associated with crack cocaine include tooth decay, cavities, and mouth sores. Although some tooth damage may be permanent, seeking proper health care and treatment can prevent further damage.
The Effects Of Crack Cocaine On Teeth
Crack is a powerful stimulant abused for its pleasurable side-effects, including increased energy, euphoria, and alertness. However, crack can also cause dry mouth and teeth grinding, which can weaken teeth.
Smoking crack cocaine causes a higher risk of burns and sores inside and around the mouth. Open sores around the mouth can lead to dangerous infections and increases the risk of spreading human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Some of the tooth decay caused by crack cocaine abuse may be permanent. Cosmetic dentistry may be able to repair severely damaged or missing teeth. However, some of the damage can be reversed, if treated in time.
Detox can help you safely cope with crack cocaine withdrawal symptoms. You will have access to healthcare professionals around-the-clock. If necessary, you may be provided medications to treat withdrawal symptoms.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 106 crack cocaine users and 106 controls matched for age, gender, and tobacco use. Data were collected on socio-demographic characteristics, drug use, use of dental services, dental caries, periodontal disease, and the outcome (tooth loss).
Results: Crack cocaine users had a greater frequency of tooth loss (55.7% vs. 36.8%), severity of dental caries and periodontal disease and less use of dental services than the controls (P
Clinical significance: The use of crack cocaine had a negative impact on the oral health of its users, leading to tooth loss and a greater severity of dental caries. These findings should be considered when planning prevention strategies to improve oral health in individuals addicted to crack cocaine.
At Bedrock, we treat a variety of kinds of substance abuse, including crack cocaine addiction. Treatment programs may include medication-assisted treatment, detoxification, mental health support, and inpatient services, depending on your needs.
You may have noticed that many drug addicts have bad teeth. That's because drugs such as methamphetamine (meth), heroin, cocaine, ecstasy, and even marijuana can cause problems for your teeth and gums. Here are a few of the main reasons:
CocaineThis drug can have different effects on your mouth, depending on how you take it. When you snort it, cocaine can damage the tissue between your nose and the roof of your mouth, eventually causing a hole and making it hard to talk or eat.
Like meth, it's very acidic. So when you smoke crack or put powdered cocaine in your mouth, the acids coat your teeth and can break down their protective enamel. This can cause gum disease and tooth decay. If you rub it on your gums, it can cause mouth sores.
Bruxism refers to the unconscious clenching and grinding of teeth. Many people clench or grind their teeth in their sleep, even without using cocaine. However, cocaine intake can increase the symptoms of bruxism, resulting in jaw pain as well as causing teeth to become brittle.
Dental erosion, or loss of the tooth enamel coating, is generally associated with trauma caused by acid exposure. Cocaine powder is a salt (cocaine hydrochloride) that has a low pH (4.5) and is acidic. When taken through the oral route, or even when inhaled, cocaine can mix with the saliva which increases the acidity of the saliva. This mixture can result in the dissolution of the mineral calcium phosphate hydroxyapatite present in teeth and may cause damage to the enamel as well as damaging the hard dentin tissue underlying the enamel.
In addition to the psychological and physiological effects of cocaine, it can also impact dental health. Common effects of crack cocaine on teeth include enamel erosion, perforation of the palate, periodontitis or retracted gums, dry mouth, cavities, and more. Without the help of an inpatient drug rehab, chronic cocaine users are more likely to experience tooth decay as well as organ failure and overdose. Below are some more details on what cocaine does to your teeth and gums.
Periodontitis is a type of gum disease that causes inflammation of the periodontal tissue in the gums. When rubbed into the gums or eaten, cocaine can inflame periodontal tissue, resulting in the reabsorption of the alveolar bone. The alveolar bone is the thick ridge of the bone that contains tooth sockets. It lies under the gums in the jawbones and holds the teeth in place. Cocaine damage to teeth includes the retraction of the gums and periodontal tissue, which can lead to tooth loss.
Babies born to mothers who use cocaine during pregnancy are often prematurely delivered, have low birth weights and smaller head circumferences, and are shorter in length than babies born to mothers who do not use cocaine.26,29,30 Dire predictions of reduced intelligence and social skills in babies born to mothers who used crack cocaine while pregnant during the 1980s were grossly exaggerated. However, the fact that most of these children do not show serious overt deficits should not be overinterpreted to indicate that there is no cause for concern.
Cocaine is mostly known for causing psychological dependence (addiction), but users can sometimes continue to use cocaine just to overcome the negative after effects of using. This can lead to a binge pattern of use and increase the risk of dependence.
Users typically insufflate (snort) or first dissolve in solution, then inject powdered cocaine. However, people who use crack typically smoke the substance. While uncommon, crack can be dissolved in aqueous solution and injected, similarly to its powdered counterpart. Smoking the drug produces a faster, more intense high than snorting does because it reaches the bloodstream and brain more quickly. However, the effects of smoking cocaine are shorter in duration, lasting only 5 to 10 minutes verses 15 to 30 minutes for insufflated powder.
The short-term physical and mental effects of using crack are generally more intense than the effects of snorting powdered cocaine and similar to those of injecting cocaine. These effects are also similar to those of other commonly abused stimulants, such as methamphetamine.
The fleeting high from smoking crack can be outweighed by a host of negative effects. Though these can vary as widely as the positive effects listed above, commonly reported side effects of crack use include:
Crack cocaine gives the user an intense, euphoric feeling. The first time a person uses crack, he or she feels an initial high that cannot be recreated by subsequent use. Users sometimes describe this as a feeling unlike anything else in the world.
Long-term crack cocaine use puts the user at risk of not only the mental effects listed previously, but also serious damage to their health. Some lasting health effects of crack cocaine smoking include:
People of any age and gender can become dependent on crack. Crack dependency occurs after users develop a tolerance to the drug and begin using more often and in larger amounts to achieve the desired effects.
This frequent exposure to crack cocaine causes users to depend on the substance to help them avoid negative moods and feelings; those ensnared by crack dependency will experience extreme anxiety when they are not able to obtain the drug.
Inpatient treatment centers are a desirable choice for many crack abusers because these centers keep the user away from the drug and anyone using it. Inpatient programs can also provide the intensive counseling and therapy many people require to recover from crack cocaine addiction. Additional aftercare or sober living programs can help ex-abusers maintain their sobriety and rebuild their lives once they leave the safety of inpatient treatment.
Addiction is not a disease that should be faced alone. If you or someone you love needs help addressing a problem with crack cocaine, you can call American Addiction Centers (AAC) free at "props":"scalar":"","helpline":"true","children":"" at any time, day or night. All calls are confidential.
Yes. Serious side effects, including seizures, stroke, heart attacks and irregular heartbeats, can happen even with a single use of cocaine. If enough cocaine is taken or if the cocaine is combined with heroin, fentanyl, or other stimulants or opioids, someone could have life-threatening side effects or even die.
For a person with a distorted body image, the idea of weight loss may be very appealing, even with the possibility of crack cocaine side effects. Eating disorders, like addictions, may cause specific dentistry concerns.
Two decades later, we're still learning about how drug and alcohol exposure by pregnant affects their children. But it turns out that children who are exposed to crack cocaine before birth are proving these worst case scenarios were all wrong. And we're joined now by several people who know about this. Joining us are Mary Barr and her daughter Nisa Beceriklisoy. Mary is an activist who discusses her past crack cocaine use while pregnant with Nisa. Nisa is about to go off to college.
Dr. BELL: The fear was that women who were pregnant who were using crack cocaine would cause some brain changes in their infants. The concern since crack is a stimulant - cocaine is a stimulant - was that these areas in the brain that dealt with the issue of stimulation like attention deficit disorder or even bipolar disorder might be overly activated or somehow distorted while the baby's brain was developing. So there were all these really silly ideas about hyper aggressiveness, attention deficit disorder, manic depressive disorder in these children.